What Writers Know: The Language, Process, and Structure of Written Discourse ebook
by Martin Nystrand
New York: Academic Press. Doctrine of autonomous text. Written texts differ from conversational utterances in their explicitness; autonomous texts "say what they mean and mean what they sa. See Nystrand, . Himley, . and Doyle, A. (1986). A critical examination of the doctrine of autonomous texts.
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A cognitive process theory of writing. A theory of discourse. Englewood Cliffs, . College Composition and Communication 32 (4): 365–87. Stein, N. & Glenn, C. G. (1979). An analysis of story comprehension in elementary school children. In Freedle, R. (ed), New directions in discourse processing II. Norwood, . Stemberg, R. J. (1980).
Understanding oral and written discourse (Horowitz & Samuels, ed., 1987.
Background and instructional effects on achievement in eighth-grade English and social studies. A Gamoran, M Nystrand. The context of written communication. Understanding oral and written discourse (Horowitz & Samuels, ed. Using small groups for response and thinking about literature. M Nystrand, . Gamoran, . & Heck. English Journal 82 (1), 14-22.
M. Nystrand, An Analysis of Errors in Written Communication. M. Nystrand, The Structure of Textural Space. Glatt, Defining Thematic Progressions and Their Relationship to Reader Comprehension. Cooper, Context as Vehicle: Implications in Writing. Gundlach, Children as Writers: The Beginnings of Learning to Write. Britton, Spectator Role and the Beginnings of Writing.
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Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Perelman, Chaim and Lucie Olbrechts-Tyceta (1969) The New Rhetoric: A Treatise on Argumentation. John Wilkinson and Purcell Weaver.
New York: Academic, 1982. The Writer's Audience is Always a Fiction. PMLA 90 (1975): 9-21. Enthymemes, Examples, and Rhetorical Method. Essays in Classical Rhetoric and Modern Discourse. Eds. Robert J. Connors, Lisa Edc, and Andrea Lunsford.
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