Modern energy technology: Nuclear, coal, petroleum, solar, geothermal, fuel cells, oil shale, tar sands, organic wastes ebook
by Research and Education Association
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Bibliographic Details. Title: Modern energy technology: Nuclear, coal,. Publisher: The Association Publication Date: 1975 Binding: Unknown Binding Book Condition: Good. 1. Modern energy technology: Nuclear, coal, petroleum, solar, geothermal, fuel cells, oil shale, tar sands, organic wastes. Published by The Association (1975).
Library of Congress Control Number: 75013406.
Energy from Fossil Fuels It was estimated by the Energy Information Administration that in 2007 primary .
Non-fossil sources in 2006 included hydroelectric . %, nuclear . %, and others ( geothermal, solar, tidal, wind, wood, waste ) amounting to . %. World energy consumption was growing about . % per year.
Related to shale oil are tar sands. Technologies such a production of ethanol also require energy input in the form of petroleum-based fertilizers. It is a mature technology that is not currently growing. Tar sands (natural bitumen) are a mixture of sand and a viscous oil that can be further processed into crude oil. Tar sands and their cousins, extra-heavy oil, are a degraded form of oil. More than 85% of the world's bitumen (tar sands) is in Western Canada, while 90% of the world's extra-heavy oil is in Venezuela Technologies such a production of ethanol also require energy input in the form of petroleum-based fertilizers.
7,8 Also, solar energy can produce electricity directly using photovoltaic (PV) modules 9,10 or by taking advantage of its heat in concentrated power stations. The catalytic membrane is the most important component of the PEMFC giving rise to the need for the use of efficient, durable and cheap material to reduce the overall cost of the fuel cell.
Today petroleum (derived from oil) provides around 40% of the world’s energy needs, mostly fuelling . New cheaper versions of photovoltaic cells could mean more energy is generated from solar than nuclear power by 2020.
Today petroleum (derived from oil) provides around 40% of the world’s energy needs, mostly fuelling automobiles. The US guzzles up a quarter of all oil, and generates a similar proportion of greenhouse gas emissions. The first wells were drilled 2400 years ago, but the modern oil industry was born in the 1850s. The majority of oil comes from the Middle East, which has half of known reserves. In the future we may generate solar power using flexible coverings that clothe both buildings and people. There is even a scheme for an orbiting solar power station.
Geothermal Energy (renewable):Geothermal energy is the natural heat of the .
Geothermal Energy (renewable):Geothermal energy is the natural heat of the earth stored deep below the earth's surface. When the earth was formed 5 billion years ago from a cloud of hot gas, it was very hot indeed. This is because of the limits of current geothermal technology and the disperse nature of the energy we can reach. Geothermal energy is currently cheaper than nuclear power and comparable to some conventional energy generation methods, geothermal power is ecenomic enough to warrant it's continued use and developement. Wind Energy (renewable): The power contained in the wind represents a vast source of energy.
Select one type of fossil fuel (Coal, Petroleum or Natural Gas) and one type of renewable energy resource (Solar power, Wind power, Hydropower, Geothermal power, or Biomass).