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American Science and Modern China, 1876-1936 ebook

by Peter Buck


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Start by marking American Science and Modern China, as Want to Read: Want to Read savin. ant to Read. The book deals with a number of individuals and organizations involved in the development of modern science in China. Dr Buck examines their views of science's place among the forces for change in China, describes their efforts to build institutional bases for science, and sets their plans and programs in broad social and intellectual contexts.

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Автор: Buck Название: American Science and Modern China, 1876–1936 Издательство: Cambridge .

The book deals with a number of individuals and organizations involved in the development of modern science in China.

American Science and Modern China 1876–1936.

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"American Science and Modern China, 1876-1936 By Peter Buck". Biography of Sophia H. C. Chen in Biographical Dictionary of Republican China, Volume 3 by Howard L. Boorman. p. 94. ^ Biography of Sophia Chen and H. Zen, a Modern Couple in East Asia: A Cultural, Social, and Political History, Volume II: From 1600 By Patricia Ebrey, Anne Walthall. 424. ^ Biography of Sophia H. 183. Authority control.

Science and state - China. Science - United States. Science - International cooperation.

American science and modern China, 1876-1936, Peter Buck. Science - China - History. Science and state - China.

American Science and Modern China, 1876-1936. Laurence A. Schneider. Schneider, "American Science and Modern China, 1876-1936. Peter Buck," Isis 72, no. 3 (Se. 1981): 515-516. Of all published articles, the following were the most read within the past 12 months. The History of Medicine and the Scientific Revolution. Translating History of Science Books into Chinese: Why?

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American Science and Modern China is an essay in comparative history, originally published in 1980. It focuses on the transmission of scientific ideas and organizations from the United States to China, a topic interesting primarily for what it reveals about the social history of late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century American science. The main themes concern how scientific traditions and institutions that were developed in one setting served as models for the creation of new ones elsewhere, what modifications were induced by this change of environment, and what these modifications imply about the interdependence of scientific knowledge and social life. The book deals with a number of individuals and organizations involved in the development of modern science in China. Dr Buck examines their views of science's place among the forces for change in China, describes their efforts to build institutional bases for science, and sets their plans and programs in broad social and intellectual contexts.
Kesalard
Hardback: cloth over boards with a sewn binding, 283 pp.

26 pp of End Notes, a 14 p Bibliography, index.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction: Orienting American Science

Social Diseases and Contagious Disorders: Missionary Science and Medical Missionaries
- Social Influence
- Science and Christian Benevolence
- Missionary Hospitals
- Missionary Medical Schools
- Missionary Science and its Social Problems

The China Medical Board and the Boxer Indemnity Fellowship Program

Science and Revolution: China in 1911
- Science Society of China
- The Ecology of Scientific Ambitions
- Free Associations and Voluntary Cooperation

Science as Vocation: Social Diversity and Scientific Specialties

Modernization and Its Discontents: The Scientific Method of China and America
- Cultural Collapse
- Ideology
- Science and Metaphysics
- Modernization and Methodology

A Sphere of Influence in Beneficent
Xcorn
... presents a unique comparative study on the transfer to China of American ideas about the organization of scientific research and its roles in society. Though the author is primarily interested in the social history of American science in a period of rapid industrialization, about a third of his book is concerned with Chinese students then in the U.S. and their perceptions of the American models and Chinese society. The book gives extensive coverage on the views of policy-makers of the Rockefeller Foundation's China Medical Board, which sponsored the Peking Union Medical College (Beijing Xiehe Yixueyuan), and that of the Boxer Indemnity fellowship program (later to be named as the China Foundation for the Promotion of Education and Culture).... The book pays special attentions to the social and institutional framework in the development of modern Chinese science, in particular, the roles of the Science Society of China, which was modeled after the American Association for the Advancement of Science and founded at Cornell University in 1915. Among the founding members of the Science
Society of China (Zhongguo Kexueshe), the most prominent figures include Hu Shi (Hu Shih), Yang Chuan (Yang Xing-Fu), Zen H.C. (Ren Hong-Juan), Zhao Yuanren (Chao Yuen-Jen), Bing Zhi (Ping Chih) whose activities and views have been covered extensively in Peter Buck's book.
Despite the contributions of the American-trained Chinese scientists, however, Peter Buck's main conclusion of the book is that the attempt to make science take root in China had largely failed. Quoting the phrases of a Chinese sociologist, Fei Hsiao-tung, from his book of the 1940's, China's Gentry, Peter Buck wrote: It was clear that "the need in present-day China to modernize quickly" could only be "met by the introduction of Western knowledge," but those Chinese who had the requisite technical abilities had~~ isolated themselves from their countrymen. They had conspicuously failed to~ "find a bridge by means of which they might bring over and apply their knowledge to their own communities. Without such a bridge modern knowledge [was] ineffectively hanging in the air."
According to Peter Buck's analysis, such assessment of the new scientific establishment in China was not only shared by some Chinese scientists and observers, but also by their American sponsors and advisors. ...
Many readers of this book may find Peter Buck's conclusion to be unfairly critical towards the effort by American-trained Chinese and their American mentors to implant modern science on the Chinese soil. This is true to a certain extent...The tremendous political and social constraints presented during the timeframe (1876-1936) might well be beyond control of the Americans and the Chinese scientists. Peter Buck himself acknowledges that there is no easy alternative method for underdeveloped countries to develop science:
"There can be no question but that, in exporting science, the West has been more preoccupied with furthering its own ambitions, imperialist and otherwise, than with meeting or even attempting to discern the needs of backward countries." Yet, according to Buck, the apparent alternative-refraining from exporting advanced science and technology and making no effort to construct or to encourage others to construct more appropriate bodies of knowledge--was and is no solution at all. The most valuable contribution of Buck's book is that it presents more perceptive questions than ready answers. As a Chinese reader who is more interested in the response of Chinese intellectuals to the West than in the subtlety of American thoughts on the sociology of science, I am somewhat disappointed with the unevenness of statistics concerning American-trained Chinese in the book. I believe this book is not suitable to serve as a source book or "bible" on the American-trained Chinese. However, it can serve an equally, if not more, important purpose, i.e., to stimulate our reflections on the intellectual footsteps of our forerunners. The American-trained Chinese covered in this book are known for their dedications to the uplifting of China through the development of science. ...
American Science and Modern China, 1876-1936 ebook
Author:
Peter Buck
Category:
Engineering
Subcat:
EPUB size:
1611 kb
FB2 size:
1213 kb
DJVU size:
1681 kb
Language:
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press; 1 edition (May 30, 1980)
Pages:
304 pages
Rating:
4.8
Other formats:
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