The Human Element in Shipping Casualties ebook
by Dept.of Transport
The Human Element in Shipping Casualties, Report prepared for the Dept.
The Human Element in Shipping Casualties, Report prepared for the Dept. of Transport, Marine Directorate, Dept. of Transport, London, . Groeneweg, . Accidents at Sea: Multiple Causes and Impossible Consequences, Int. J. Man-Machine Studies, Vol. 27, 1987, pp. 587–598. CrossRefGoogle Scholar. 15. Human Error Led to the Sinking of the Bow Mariner, The Scandinavian Shipping Gazette, Gothenburg, Sweden, 2006. 16. Perrow, . Normal Accidents: Living with High-Risk Technologies, Basic Books, In. New York, 1984
to the shipping market demand has led the human element to be. .business, where shippers and ship-owners negotiate to establish a price for transport, has made the freight market a highly volatile mechanism i.
to the shipping market demand has led the human element to be regarded as a factor of risk in. the activity of commercial vessels. In this context, the increasing incidence of human errors. a fall in the rate of casualties after 2008 takes place at the same time as the great. economic contraction that followed the global ﬁnancial crisis of 2008 and later years. business, where shippers and ship-owners negotiate to establish a price for transport, has made the freight market a highly volatile mechanism in which the rate ﬂuctuates.
4. Shipping casualties
4. Shipping casualties. Submitted: 3 October 2012. The reference to the economic circumstances as a distorting factor in the level of risk taken in shipping affairs leads us to consider that both components of the time sequence of the rate of accidents shown above, non-periodic uctuations and long-term trend, should be expected to be inuenced by the economy.
22 Furthermore, using the human factors approach to preventing accidents and casualties, accident investigators . This is particularly salient in shipping operations where human errors are found to be among the primary causes of failures and accidents (Talley 1999;Hetherington et al.
22 Furthermore, using the human factors approach to preventing accidents and casualties, accident investigators are encouraged to identify individual seafarers' flaws. Incident reporting systems may, however, facilitate a blame culture against individual seafarers. 2006). Furthermore, human errors are often found to be maintenance-related (Reason and Hobbs 2003).
Unfortunately, some of the sea lanes and routes have become vulnerable to pirate attacks, armed robbery, gun-running, illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing, drug trafficking, human trafficking and marine pollution. Securing safe passages to ensure smooth supply chain operations embraces the involvement of many actors and stakeholders. Technology is being harnessed to mitigate the scourge of the piracy menace
The human element as it is often termed in the shipping literature (O'Neil .
The human element as it is often termed in the shipping literature (O'Neil, 2003) has frequently been cited as a cause of these costly incidents. A USCG report states that between 75 96% of marine casualties are caused at least in part by some form of human error (Rothblum, 2000). A study by the National Union of Marine Aviation and Shipping Transport Officers (NUMAST, 1995, as reported in Cole Davies, 2001) surveyed 1,000 officers; 77% felt that fatigue has significantly risen in the past 3 10 years, 84% felt that stress was also more prevalent.
Thus, the main element in shipping is the "human element" - the . Burkhard Lemper is Director of the Maritime Economics and Transport Department at the Institute of Shipping Economics an.
Thus, the main element in shipping is the "human element" - the mariners at all levels. This book deals with topics such as the criminalization of seafarers, piracy as part of shipping companies' risk management, corporate social responsibility and human error in shipping. Burkhard Lemper is Director of the Maritime Economics and Transport Department at the Institute of Shipping Economics and Logistics Bremen, and Honorary Professor at Hochschule Bremen. Thomas Pawlik is the Bremer Rhederverein Professor of Maritime Management and Dean of Studies at the Centre of Maritime Studies at Hochschule Bremen.
Serious casualties" are casualties to ships which do not qualify as "very serious casualties" and which involve a.Effective remedial action following maritime casualties requires a sound understanding of the human element involvement in accident causation.
Serious casualties" are casualties to ships which do not qualify as "very serious casualties" and which involve a fire, explosion, collision, grounding, contact, heavy weather damage, ice damage, hull cracking, or suspected hull defect, et. resulting in: immobilization of main engines, extensive accommodation damage, severe structural damage, such as penetration of the hull under water, et. rendering the ship unfit to proceed, o. Since the human element aboard vessels - being in and coping with a very special environment - is the crucial point of every transport chain, it is important to take a closer look at maritime human resource management issues which are scarcely tackled in scientific literature. Format Hardback 173 pages.